The Space Saves Society 5Lakes Water Protection Global Project is planned to be launched on July the 1rst, 2011 and operate under a long-term horizon up to 2020. The project aims at studying five of the most important (with respect to water volume, spatial location, affected population, environmental challenges, etc) lakes in the world, with the aid of satellite monitoring. Data collected will be used for the assessment of the environmental prosperity of the regions, modeling of the underlying mechanisms affecting their statuses and in overall leading to valuable insights on climate change effects upon water resources worldwide.

Method

The project will study five of the most important lakes in the world, with the aid of satellite monitoring. These lakes are:

  • Baikal (Russia)
  • Victoria (Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya)
  • Titicaca (Bolivia, Peru)
  • Superior (United States, Canada)
  • Tanganyika (Burundi, Congo, Tanzania, Zambia)

The selection of these lakes was based on their importance, being justified in terms of:

  • affecting near-by urban and rural areas
  • water volume and surface area
  • hosting life to water and other organisms
  • environmental challenges

Their profiles are presented in greater details here. Our methods will include the following:

  • Using satellite images to identify water pollution and mapping urban growth
  • Monitoring water movement
  • Monitoring Chlorophyll-A levels, Surface Temperature and Photosynthesis Activity
  • Monitoring changes in water volume

Expected Impacts & Results

The main objective of the current project is to examine how fresh water areas are being affected over time. Results are expected to provide insights on both the factors affecting the lakesí statuses and on their impacts on the populations of the surrounding area.

Through a long-term action plan, holding a horizon up to 2020, we expect to deliver solid models illustrating the changes that the defined fresh water volumes subsist. These shall be linked to both environmental factors, as well as to human activities. Further to the monitoring of changes we wish to interpret the underlying mechanisms causing these effects, so as to be able to provide sustainable alerts and support to the according areas.

Specific environmental requirements, burdens and/or necessities of each area being examined shall gain great focus and a concrete profile of environmental prosperity upon the regions is expected to be delivered.

Additionally however, we expect to deliver macroscopic results upon the environmental phenomena around the globe and how these affect the given (and perhaps accordingly other) areas. Climate changes effects shall be discussed and changes in water volumes and photosynthetic activities shall be studied under these factors. The idea is that should common patterns arise across so distinct and spatially distributed areas, we may speak of a common underlying mechanism, such as climate change.

The overall study is planned to be open to public, so as to raise awareness and provide analytic data. A dedicated web-portal shall be designed for the support of the project throughout its lifetime, while adaptation to international standards (OGC, INSPIRE) and integration of the projectís results to other organizations (GEOSS) will be assessed, aiming at the wider dissemination and adaptation of the results found.

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